In 2005 Estonia introduced the first Internet voting in the elections with binding results. It was first used in the local elections and later expanded to the general and European Parliament elections. Secure infrastructure of the Estonian ID-card is utilized also for the election purposes. Tartu has been the leader of the elections innovation also by building voting stations in the shopping centers. After successful tests in 2012 elections, in 2017 the polling stations were set up already in many shopping centers . As convenient location for the citizens it has supported equal access to the polling stations and participation in the elections.

Usage of the online voting channel has grown rapidly and in 2017 general elections already more than 30% of votes were casted by i-voting channel. Citizens of Tartu are keen users of i-voting, in 2017 37% of the votes were casted online, by the i-voting channel.