Tartu University Hospital is the largest provider of medical care in Estonia, and all of the fields practised in the country are represented there. In several fields (such as kidney, bone marrow and liver transplantation and congenital heart disease surgery) it is the only medical institution in Estonia with specialists at such a high level.          

As Tartu University Hospital is the only hospital of its kind in Estonia, it plays a substantial role in both the undergraduate and post-graduate lives of students, as well as in the development of the country's medical science. Education and research are undertaken in close collaboration with the Medical Faculty of Tartu University.                      

The Hospital also runs programmes of further education for employees of other hospitals and primary care units. The lecturers and researchers in Tartu have a long tradition of collaboration with colleagues from across Europe and elsewhere in the world. The hospital's mission is to be recognised as a leader in ensuring the continuity and development of Estonian medicine through high-level integrated medical treatment, training and research.